MiG-21 "Fishbed" technical Data.
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MiG-21 "Fishbed" Technical Data.
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DESCRIPTION:

MiG-21 Picture AlbumTruly one of the most remarkable aircraft of the Cold War period and perhaps the most successful aircraft in terms of number built since World War II, the MiG-21 has seen service with some 47 different nations throughout Asia, Africa, the Americas, and Eastern Europe since the late 1950s.
The Soviet Air Force requested a short-range interceptor to replace the MiG-17 and MiG-19 fighters in 1953. After experimenting with various wing configurations, the Mikoyan Gurevich design bureau chose a tailed delta configuration which eventually became the MiG-21.
The original design was extremely light and maneuverable with exceptional reliability, sortie-rate, and low cost of operation. However, the MiG-21 long suffered from short range, small payload, and poor avionics suite.
Later models were improved with more powerful and fuel efficient engines, radar, and ground attack capability increasing the aircraft's versatility and effectiveness.
Though the MiG-21 began to be replaced by the MiG-23 and MiG-27 during the 1970s and 1980s, several hundred of the more than 11,000 built are still in use in Russia, China, and several other countries. Many are undergoing updates of their avionics systems and being equipped with new cockpit displays and more modern missiles. Italian companies have also been upgrading many aircraft operated by Egypt and Syria. China developed its own much-improved version of the MiG-21, the J-7, which is still in production. An export version, the F-7, is also extremely popular.

Data below for MiG-21Mbis 'Fishbed-N' and F-7M Airguard

HISTORY:
First Flight(MiG-21) 1957
(J-7) 17 January 1966
Service Entry

1959

CREW: 1 pilot

ESTIMATED COST:

unknown

AIRFOIL SECTIONS:
Wing RootTsAGI S-12 (4.2%)
Wing Tip

TsAGI S-12 (5%)

DIMENSIONS:
Length(MiG-21) 40.29 ft (12.285 m)
(F-7M)48.83 ft (14.89 m) including probe
Wingspan23.46 ft (7.154 m)
Height13.46 ft (4.10 m)
Wing Area247.6 ft2 (23.0 m2)
Canard Area

not applicable

WEIGHTS:
Empty(MiG-21) 12,600 lb (5,715 kg)
(F-7M)11,630 lb (5,275 kg)
Typical Load(MiG-21) 18,080 lb (8,200 kg)
(F-7M)16,605 lb (7,530 kg)
Max Takeoff(MiG-21) 22,925 lb (10,400 kg)
Fuel Capacityinternal: 658 gal (2,600L)
external: 470 gal (1,780 L)
Max Payload

(MiG-21) 3,310 lb (1,500 kg)
(F-7M)2,205 lb (1,000 kg)

PROPULSION:
Powerplant(MiG-21) one Tumanskii R-25-300turbojet
(F-7M) one Liyang Wopen-7B(BM) turbojet
Thrust(MiG-21) 15,650 lb (69.61 kN)
(F-7M)13,488 lb (59.82 kN)

PERFORMANCE:
Max LevelSpeed at altitude: 1,355 mph (2,175 km/h)at 42,650 ft (13,000 m), Mach 2.05
at sea level: 800 mph (1,275km/h), Mach 1.05
Initial ClimbRate (MiG-21) 58,000 ft (17,680 m) /min
(F-7M) 35,435 ft (10,800 m) / min
ServiceCeiling (MiG-21) 57,400 ft (17,500 m)
(F-7M)59,700 ft (18,200 m)
Rangetypical: 595 nm (1,100km)
ferry: 970 nm (1,800 km)
g-Limitsunknown

ARMAMENT:
Gun(MiG-21) one 23-mm GSh-23L two-barrelcannon (200 rds)
(F-7M) two 30-mm cannons (60 rds ea)
Stationsfive external hardpoints
Air-to-AirMissile (MiG-21) K-13/AA-2 Atoll, R-60/AA-8Aphid
(F-7M) PL-2, PL-5, PL-7, Magic
Air-to-SurfaceMissile none
Bomb(MiG-21) 250/500 kg conventional, nuclear,and napalm bombs
(F-7M) 50-500 kg GP bomps
Other(MiG-21) rocket pods, ECM pods,reconnaissance pods
(F-7M) 57 mm gun pods, 90 mm gun pods

KNOWN VARIANTS:
Ye-5, Ye-6Prototypes
MiG-21F 'Fishbed-C'Definitive fighter model withimproved engine
MiG-21U 'Mongol-A'Two-seat trainer based onMiG-21F
MiG-21G 'Fishbed-C'First major production versionfor short-range fighter, built in USSR and Czechoslovakia
J-7, F-7 MiG-21F/G variants built underlicense by Shenyang and Chengdu in China, F-7 is version for export
J-7II, F-7BImproved J-7
MiG-21PF 'Fishbed-D'Improved engine, enlarged engineinlet, new radar, and all-weather capability
MiG-21PFS'Fishbed-E' MiG-21PF with RATO packs forshort takeoffs, blown flaps for reduced landing speeds, improvedaerodynamics, and new gun pod
MiG-21FL or Type 77Export model of MiG-21PF/PFSlacking RATO and blown flaps, built under license in India
MiG-21PF(SPS)MiG-21PF with blown flap system
MiG-21PFM'Fishbed-F' Incorporated all improvedfeatures of 21F, 21PF, and 21PFS
MiG-21PFMA'Fishbed-J' First model with ground attackcapability, greater fuel capacity, improved radar, internal 23-mm gun, and4 underwing pylons instead of 2
MiG-21M or Type 96Similar to MiG-21PFMA and builtunder license in India
MiG-21R 'Fishbed-H'Reconnaissance model based onMiG-21PFMA with cameras, IR sensors, or ECM equipment located in internalbay or external pods
MiG-21MF 'Fishbed-J'Model with new engine
MiG-21RF 'Fishbed-H'Reconnaissance model based onMiG-21MF
J-7III Improved Chinese J-7II based onMiG-21MF, equipped with new radar for all-weather day-night operations,built under license by Chengdu
MiG-21SM 'Fishbed-J'unknown
MiG-21SMT'Fishbed-K' Improved MiG-21MF with upgradedaerodynamics, increased fuel, and ECM equipment in wingtip pods
MiG-21SMB'Fishbed-K' unknown
MiG-21bis'Fishbed-L' Multi-role attack fighter withlighter airframe, increased fuel capacity, and improved avionics
MiG-21Mbis'Fishbed-N' Improved MiG-21bis with new R-25engine, improved avionics, and greater range of weaponry
MiG-21US 'Mongol-B'Two-seat trainer similar toMiG-21U but with blown flaps
MiG-21UM 'Mongol-B'Two-seat trainer based onMiG-21MF
F-7M AirguardUpgraded J-7II with Westernavionics, more powerful engine, stronger landing gear, and increasedweapons options
F-7P SkyboltF-7M model purchased byPakistan; 20 built
F-7MP Improved F-7M with new cockpitlayout and better survivability; 60 built for Pakistan
J-8Much improved Chinese variantloosely based on MiG-21 and MiG-23, license-built by Shenyang

KNOWN COMBATRECORD:

Indo-Pakistan War (India,1965)
Vietnam War (North Vietnam, 1967-1975)
War of Attrition(Soviet Union, Egypt, 1969-1970)
Bangladesh War (India, 1971)
YomKippur War (Egypt, Syria, 1973)
Lebanon (Syria, 1982)
Afghansitan War (Soviet Union,1979-1989)
Iran-Iraq War (Iran, Iraq, 1980-1988)
Gulf War (Iraq,1991)
Bosnia - Operation Deliberate Force (Serbia, 1995)
Iraq -Operation Desert Fox (Iraq, 1998)
Kosovo - Operation Allied Force(Serbia, 1999)
Afghanistan - Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan,2001)

KNOWN OPERATORS:

Russian AirForce
Afghanistan
Albania(J-7)
Algeria
Angola
Azerbaijan
Bangladesh(J-7)
Bulgaria
Burma (J-7)
Cambodia
China(J-7)
Congo
Croatia
Cuba
Czech Republic
Egypt (F-7, J-7,MiG-21)
Ethiopia
Finland
Germany
Guinea
Hungary
India
Iran(J-7)
Iraq
Kazakhstan
Laos
Libya
Madagascar
Mali
Mongolia
Mozambique
Migeria
NorthKorea
North Yemen
Pakistan (F-7P,J-7)
Poland
Romania
Slovakia
South Yemen
Sri Lanka
Sudan(J-7)
Syria
Tanzania(J-7)
Uganda
Vietnam
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe (J-7)

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